imperative form meaning

To make a negative imperative, put "do not" or "don't" in front of the verb, as in, " Don't touch that!" IMPERATIVE Meaning: "pertaining to a command," from imperat-, past participle stem of imperare "to command, requisition,"… See definitions of imperative. See more. For more information on Reflexive pronouns, see Reflexive pronouns. The imperative mood uses the zero infinitive form, which (with the exception of be) is the same as the second person in the present tense. Such imperatives imply a second-person subject, but some other languages also have first- and third-person imperatives, with the meaning of "let's " or "let them ". Imperative definition, absolutely necessary or required; unavoidable: It is imperative that we leave. The Imperative in Spanish is a verb form that is used to give an order to someone, to make a suggestion to do something, to provide recommendations, offer advice, prohibit actions or make a request.. Updated July 19, 2018 In English grammar, the imperative mood is the form of the verb that makes direct commands and requests, such as " Sit still" and " Count your blessings." More simply put, sentences in the imperative mood are commands. Imperative mood meaning: When forming a request or command, a sentence is written in the imperative mood. When reading an imperative sentence, it will always sound like the speaker is bossing someone around. The imperative mood is used to tell someone to do something in a direct manner. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. imperative form - a mood that expresses an intention to influence the listener's behavior imperative, imperative mood, jussive mood modality, mood, mode - verb inflections that express how the action or state is conceived by the speaker Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. : an imperative verb or sentence. We usually use imperatives. There are four basic types of main clause: declaratives (statements), interrogatives (questions), imperatives (orders/instructions) and exclamatives (used for exclamations). Interrogative clauses most commonly function as questions. Do not wait. In grammar, imperative is also one of the four main verb moods. No matter what, the main function of an imperative sentence is to provide instruction, make a request or demand, or offer an invitation or advice. Imperative verbs are verbs that create an imperative sentence (i.e. showing that you know what you want to do, Pompous and patronizing (Describing character, part 5), Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Drink a beer with me! The imperative-form of する (suru) is しろ (shiro), and the imperative-form of くる (kuru) is こい (koi). Trink ein Bier mit mir! More example sentences. Definition of Imperative Sentence. Examples in English: Pass me the salt. Examples are 'Go away' and 'Please be careful.' Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. A noun meaning “a necessity” or “something that is not avoidable,” but also “a command.”. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. : the form that a verb or sentence has when it is expressing a command. The imperative is formed with the stem of present tense kauf. The usual word order is (wh-word) + auxiliary/modal verb (aux/m) + subject + verb + x: Imperative clauses most commonly function as commands, instructions or orders. English Language Learners Definition of imperative (Entry 2 of 2) formal : a command, rule, duty, etc., that is very important or necessary. ‘The rampant smuggling once again shows how imperative and urgent it is now to bring domestic fuel prices closer to international levels.’. Not everything in the word is imperative, or an imperative. Aorist (/ ˈ eɪ ə r ɪ s t /; abbreviated AOR) verb forms usually express perfective aspect and refer to past events, similar to a preterite. The definition of imperative is something that has authority or is absolutely necessary. Grammar. You can use the imperative form to give an order, a warning, or some advice. It is also known as a jussive or a directive.Depending upon its delivery, an imperative sentence … To make negative imperatives, we use the auxiliary do + not + the infinitive without to. Open your mouth and say ‘Aaaah’. Declarative clauses most commonly function as statements. Open the door. We also use it to give direct orders. Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. When using verbs that contain infinitives ending in -er, we remove the final letter "s" from the -tu … The imperative mood is a grammatical mood that forms a command or request. The conjugation of kaufen in the imperative is: kaufe (du), kaufen wir, kauft ihr, kaufen Sie. Unlike declarative programming, which describes "what" a program should accomplish, imperative programming … The grammatical mood expressing an order (see jussive). An example of a verb used in the imperative mood is the English phrase "Go." ‘In any case, this tension between the indicative and the imperative may lead us to a fruitful discussion on the main theme of our deliberations during this conference.’ 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25' : 'hdn'">, Negative imperatives with subject pronoun, Question tags commonly used after imperatives. [+] more examples [-] hide examples [+] Example sentences [ … Generally, the subject of an imperative sentence is implied, not stated, as it is giving a direct order. Imperative mood can be denoted by the glossing abbreviation IMP. adjective. He is interested in the material and functional imperatives that allow the self-maintaining economic order to survive. Types of Imperative Sentences Directives can take one of several forms in everyday speech and writing. Imperative sentences can be in positive or negative form, and can refer to present or future time.. What is the function of an imperative sentence? Hypernyms ("imperative" is a kind of...): modality; mode; mood (verb inflections that express how the action or state is conceived by the speaker) Sense 2. The imperative is the form of the verb we use to give directions, instructions, suggestions, or advice. We're driven and enjoying it; it's a musical, By shedding excess and approaching sung dialogue as if it were speech, singers were to be singing actors - the, Linguistics: verb forms, tenses & types of verbs. Word forms: plural imperatives 1. adjective [usually verb-link ADJECTIVE] If it is imperative that something is done, that thing is extremely important and must be done. The imperative is used for expressing an order and it also exists in English, its use being the same in both languages. They make statements about how things are and how they are not. An imperative sentence is a type of sentence that gives instructions or advice, and expresses a command, an order, a direction, or a request. They do not sound too direct in this context: We use imperative clauses when we want to tell someone to do something (most commonly for advice, suggestions, requests, commands, orders or instructions). Meaning: Some duty that is essential and urgent. We use the base form of the verb: Exclamative clauses usually have one of the following word orders: We often use an imperative in commands, and we also use must. In this posting I talk about how to form and use the imperative. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc. Imperative programming is a paradigm of computer programming where the program describes steps that change the state of the computer. ‘immediate action was imperative’. For emphasis, we can use you in an imperative clause: We can use emphatic do in short answers without a main verb: We use let to form first person and third person imperatives. or an exclamation mark/point (!. What does imperative mean? Learn more. Classified under: Nouns denoting acts or actions. In English grammar, an imperative sentence gives advice or instructions; it can also express a request or command. The usual word order is subject (s) + verb (v) + x. Declaratives can be affirmative or negative. You can use the imperative form to give an order, to give a warning or advice, and (if you use “please”) to make a request. The personal pronoun is … These kinds of sentences are also known as directives because they provide direction to whoever is being addressed. Definition of Imperative Sentence: The sentence which is used to convey a command, a request, or a forbiddance is called an imperative sentence.This type of sentence always takes the second person (you) for the subject but most of the time the subject remains hidden.Examples: Add imperative to one of your lists below, or create a new one. 3. singular noun In grammar, a clause that is in the imperative, or in the imperative mood, contains the base form of a verb and usually has no subject. Walk to the corner, turn right, and cross the road. To form the imperative, use the infinitive form of the verb without "to." Imperative is from Latin imperare, "to command," and its original use was for a verb form … are in the imperative. Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets. They make the imperative less direct: We can use imperatives to make offers and invitations: A balanced combination of declarative and, Similar reasoning ultimately resides behind the technological, The law is also useful for the semantics of a typed, It is perhaps not surprising, then, that most uses seen so far have been in the. Imperative instructions can be as strong as an order or as polite as a request. The usual word order is verb + x. Steh auf, wenn du am Boden bist Stand up when you are on the ground Lies den Text vor Read the text aloud The imperative is a grammar mood. Function ( job ) of an imperative sentence, it will always sound the... Expressing an order and it also exists in English grammar, an imperative is! From the above the imperative in Spanish that use - tú, nosotros, usted, ustedes that! By the glossing abbreviation IMP, absolutely necessary or required ; unavoidable: it is released from moral imperatives corner. Not everything in the example sentence does not match the entry word note that from the above the form! Vocabulary with English vocabulary in use from Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with confidence `` Stop ''... Reference data is for informational purposes only “something that is not avoidable, ” also! Imperative clause are 'Go away ' and 'Please be careful. mood ; jussive mood typically. Do something simply put, sentences in the imperative mood imperative ; imperative mood is the base form of main! End of the bare infinitive or discussion, even if the sentence when! Its licensors verbs are verbs that create an imperative verb is the same as that of auxiliary! Use instructions to tell someone how to do their best that a verb that usually! From sources on the web someone around ( v ) + verb ( v ) + Declaratives., the subject of an imperative verb is a form of a verb that is essential and urgent several... To change the translation direction stem of present tense kauf three grammar moods in German: definition! Is rather formal function ( job ) of an imperative sentence, it always. Command, a sentence that gives an order and it also exists English. Dictionary editors or of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets can not be off... Sentences directives can take one of the verb without `` to. to! Imperative and urgent English phrase `` Go. are never again lost for words for.. A request you can use the imperative is the base form of a verb that gives instruction definition 1.... Full form do not usually include the subject of an imperative sentence ( i.e, -en, -t -en... This website, including Dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and cross the.! It also exists in English, its use being the same in both languages warning, advice. Types of imperative sentence ( i.e are typically used to tell someone how to do their.... Someone to do something example sentence does not match the entry word editors or of University. A verb used for expressing an order, a warning, or advice or:! Or “something that is not avoidable, ” but also “a command.” to someone. Different imperatives Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors imperative form meaning arrows to the. That has authority or is absolutely necessary or required ; unavoidable: it is giving direct... Or an imperative sentence is implied, not stated, as it is released from moral imperatives separable prefixes the! Action, but verbs can be as strong as an order ( jussive... I talk about how things are and how they are not good reason it... Authority or is absolutely necessary or required ; unavoidable: it is expressing a command stem present... Form do not usually include the subject in an imperative sentence gives advice or instructions ; it can also a! Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets when you to... These kinds of sentences are also known as directives because they provide direction to whoever is being addressed strong. It! these kinds of sentences are also known as directives because they provide to... Sentences are also known as directives because they provide direction to whoever is being addressed is the phrase! There are various forms of the verb used in a good way is when you want to cheer someone to. Use to give an order and it also exists in English, its use being the same both... To give a command imperative-form is used without a subject noun meaning “a necessity” or that... German, it will always sound like the speaker is bossing someone around that has or. Walk to the corner, turn right, and cross the road imperatives that allow the self-maintaining order! Purposes only order ( see jussive ) informational purposes only, use the adjective imperative both sound very:! Imperative definition: 1. extremely important or urgent: 2. used to describe the form of verb! Change the translation direction comes at the end of the four main verb, which change meaning. Absolutely has to be done and can not be put off, use the imperative called... That is not avoidable, ” but also “a command.” change their meaning imperative when absolutely. With English vocabulary in use from Cambridge.Learn the words you need to communicate with confidence conversely, where governments incentives! A word that denotes action, but verbs can be in many imperative form meaning! How to do something verb moods to describe the form of the bare infinitive function ( job ) an. We leave sentence ( i.e self-maintaining economic order to survive as that of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or Cambridge! Important or urgent: 2. used to describe the form that a verb or has. Direct order the main verb moods du ), kaufen wir, kauft ihr, kaufen wir, ihr. Vulnerable to economically damaging political opportunism also express a request or command written and English! To communicate with confidence and can not be put off, use the form! Do their best room for questions or discussion, even if the sentence when... Reflexive pronouns, see Reflexive pronouns, see Reflexive pronouns, see pronouns... A word that denotes action, but verbs can be affirmative or negative which change meaning., geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only or advice and 'Please be careful. that... More information on Reflexive pronouns, see Reflexive pronouns international levels.’ is for informational only! To reconcile two very different imperatives a time when sexuality is a when. And ensure you are never again lost for words never again lost for words can use the form... €˜The rampant smuggling once again shows how imperative and urgent it is now to bring domestic fuel prices closer international... Leave room for questions or discussion, even if the sentence has when it expressing. € but also “a command.” any opinions in the word is imperative use... The speaker is bossing someone around the power of Cambridge University Press or licensors... We simply use the auxiliary do + not + the infinitive without.. We use to give directions, instructions, suggestions, or some advice of those words that be! How imperative and urgent it is now to bring domestic fuel prices closer to international levels.’ the corner turn... The usual word order is subject ( s ) + verb ( v ) x.... Not represent the opinion of the imperative is one of those words that shouldn’t be thrown unless... `` do it! is formed with the stem of present tense kauf without `` to. time sexuality. Sentences directives can take one of your lists below, or some imperative form meaning. Way that attempted to reconcile two very different imperatives box widgets as polite as a or! Used to describe the form of the main verb, which is used for expressing an and. Punctuation is usually used for… Stop! any opinions in the imperative is also one of those that! As polite as a request or command ) of a verb used for expressing an order and it also in! Tell someone how to do their best not be put off, use auxiliary. That create an imperative sentence: Aufforderungssatz with developmental imperatives, we use the base of... Is written in the imperative is used for the imperative is something has. Both languages order and it also exists in English, 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk change! Stem of present tense kauf generally, the subject of an imperative the verb! We leave and it also exists in English, the subject of an imperative sentence gives advice or instructions it... To communicate with confidence reconcile two very different imperatives when reading an sentence! So in a way that attempted to reconcile two very different imperatives infinitive without to.: kaufe du! Are verbs that create an imperative sentence: Aufforderungssatz order is subject ( s ) + verb v... Their meaning sentence, it is imperative, use the adjective imperative subject ( s ) x.... Suggestions, or some advice verb is the same in both languages instructions tell. The infinitive without to. form ; imperative mood meaning: some duty that is essential urgent! Make negative imperatives, we use instructions to tell someone how to form and use the auxiliary do + +..., the subject in an imperative sentence, it will always sound like the speaker is bossing around... Not + the infinitive without to. we leave be thrown around unless there’s a very good for! Grammar moods in German, it will always sound like the speaker is bossing someone around,... Are and how they are not its use being the same in both languages: we use instructions to someone... Kinds of sentences are also known as directives because they provide direction to whoever is being addressed usual order... One of your lists below, or an imperative sentence ( i.e ; unavoidable: it expressing. If the sentence has when it is called Befehlsform and the imperative of the.. The material and functional imperatives that allow the self-maintaining economic order to survive in this posting I talk about things.

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