term paper on juvenile crimes

Juvenile Crime The juvenile offender is treated different than an adult offender. DELIQUENCY AND STATUS OFFENCE DEFINITION Order custom essay. January 26, 2014 The officers today read their Miranda rights to juveniles before they ask any questions According to our book,...... ...Juvenile Crime Paper Zhao and colleagues found property crimes were common in impoverished states (Zhao, Feng, & … Delinquent is one of the categories in the juvenile justice system. The dependent children have no parents or guardians. Juveniles and adults have their own and separate systems now. Juvenile courts and adult courts have similarities, but they also have many differences. It is hard to believe at one time in our history, children were treated just as adults were. February 12, 2012 The term juvenile is classified as anyone who commits a crime that is generally between the ages of 7 and 17. 722 Words 3 Pages. Research has found that 53% of these children are more likely to be arrested, and 38% more likely to commit a violent crime as an adult, then their counterparts who did not suffer such abuse. One difference is juvenile courts are conducted in an informal manner, focus more on Paren’s Patria versus Due Process, court records-recordings of proceedings is the decision of the juvenile judge and the preponderance of the evidence used in most circumstance other than determine delinquency, where beyond a reasonable doubt is implemented. Patrice Lewis But it is always below 18 years of age which is the statutory age for delinquency. The abused children are those who suffer abuse at the hands of their parents or guardians (Schmalleger, P.547). The problem that exist with the juvenile courts is that a policy must be enforced that allows violent youthful offenders to be housed at a facility that offers more reform programs in order to prepare them for adulthood. It always depends on the situation, regardless of where or when the act took place; they look at several key factors when deciding the punishment that is suitable for that particular crime. According to (www.justicepolicy.org) Most of these youthful offenders are from single parent homes or even foster care. The status offender is a special category that embraces children who violate laws written only for them and they need supervision. University of Phoenix 1-888-302-2840 1-888-422-8036 This was the first step that lead to what the system is today. CJA/204 The court system will always treat minors and adults differently and because of this, teenagers or adolescents are offered more of a chance to turn their lives around before they turn down the wrong path too significantly to retract, gain more responsibility (some may have fines to pay that only they are allowed to pay if judge/probation officer demands), and depending on how bad of the situation, they will receive a dose of reality. Another difference between the two is when talking about juvenile court and the precautions that come from that. Growing up, a lot of changes takes place and come the adolescent period, learning about life takes on full force. In our country, the early American Puritans changed the way children were viewed because they believed that children could not reason the same as adults, so they did not want to hold them to the same standards ("CJi Interactive", 2011). 2 Should Juvenile Offenders Be Tried As Adults Essay. These juveniles do not necessarily have to steal from stores, or break into a home and steal property for them to be charged. Despite the increasing evidence in the high juvenile crimes in specific locations, many studies show that juvenile crimes have been in the recent past treated as adult crimes. Many individuals believe that when a juvenile goes to court and is punished for his delinquent acts, the people think that that is too harsh; but when the adults go to their court hearings and their punishments are set, people tend to think that that is too lenient. In my neighborhood the drug dealers and gangbangers were idealized while the police and teachers were hated. The term delinquencies covers anytime a “juvenile’s actions or conduct is in violation of criminal law, juvenile status offenses, and other juvenile misbehavior” (Schmalleger, 2011, p. 543). We fight for their innocence and their dreams. Juvenile delinquency is also simply called delinquency, and the two terms are used interchangeably in popular discourse. Chris Matthews CJ200 whether juvenile offenders should be punished and tried as adults. Theft is basically stealing and taking something that doesn’t belong to you. If the child is of a certain age in some states, or the crime is a violent felony, such as rape, or murder, the child can be treated as an adult, making him or her criminal and trialed as an adult in a criminal court of law. In … Juveniles that commit crimes are no longer considered criminals, but instead juvenile delinquents. Seventy percent of these youth are held in state funded post adjudication residential facilities at an average cost of $240.99 per youth. These children may suffer physical, emotional, or sexual abuse at the hands of their parents or guardians. Once persons reach adulthood, antisocial and criminal behavior is known as crime. Juvenile court system is a parallel criminal system provided for juvenile delinquents. The arrest rates for juvenile males are 70%, and 30% for females. June 10, 2012 Adults have the right to be tried by a judge or a jury of peers, in juvenile court it would be the judge making the decision on what the punishment would be. Juvenile Crime Neglected children have parents or guardians who fail to provide proper supervision or care. Growing up around this only made me want to push... ...juvinel crimeJuvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Crime Article Actions committed are considered to be a...... ...Juvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Crime The undisciplined children are beyond parental control. It applies if the child violates a law that would be considered to be a criminal offense if they were an adult. Delinquency is a behavior of a delinquent child, a child who has violated the law ("Juveniles And Age Status Offenses", n.d). CJS 200 One of the biggest problems which the United States is faced with is juvenile crime. CJS/200 The delinquent children are those who violate the criminal law. (United States Department of Justice) Children who face violence at home are also more likely to become a runaway, which makes it much easier to run into the wrong crowd. Juvenile crime refers to the crimes committed juveniles, children under age of eighteen. There are six categories of children in the juvenile justice system. Categories When the delinquent acts are very serious, they may be considered crimes and the juvenile may be tried in the adult system. 1838 words (7 pages) Essay. The term “larceny” is used when a juvenile willingly trespasses and leaves with personal property. Another risk factor is the effect of the media on the juveniles of today. All this is considered to be theft and these young adults can get into a lot of trouble for these wrong doings. February 12, 2012 Most youth in America today struggles with the idea of dreaming a better life. Children who have not been disciplined well they are beyond parental control. Juvenile Justice System The juvenile court system’s main concerns are for the safety, privacy and rehabilitation of the minor offender. Approximately 93,000 young people are held in juvenile justice facilities across the United States. Jo Ann Macklin Juvenile court is made up of three different cases: delinquency, dependency, and status offenses. Juvenile Justice is the primary system used to handle youth who, in fact, is convicted of criminal offenses. Other types of theft/larceny also include, stealing bicycles from other kids and stealing from backpacks or lockers at school. Essay: Juvenile Crime One of the biggest problems which the United States is faced with is juvenile crime. Essay on the Causes of Juvenile Delinquency – There is no single cause or simple explanation for the development of delinquent behaviour. Date Although they both have the same principle, they both use different terminology, options, and reserve different constitutional rights. It is a term denoting various offences committed by children or youths under the age of 18. Thus, juvenile offenders should be punished more severely to deter other teenagers from committing crimes and for the safety of all citizens. Finally, there are abused children. The act or behavior of someone that is young often seen as illegal or going against laws are known as a delinquency. If convicted of larceny, a juvenile can face jail time, fines, and this could remain on his or her records for the rest of their life. In this world children play a game of follow the leader or monkey see monkey do. Well, kids are being hurt right now.…, by: Chris Heath   Thailand is becoming an ever more popular retirement and choice of…, 1999 must be a great year to be alive if you are a criminal! In most cases this apply to youthful offenders usually under the age 18 who are accused of committing a delinquent or criminal activities. Especially the demise of family life, the effect of the media on the juveniles today, and the increase of firearms available today have played a big role in the increase of juveniles crimes. Body paragraphs are the biggest part of your essay. Juvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Crime ...Running head: Juvenile Crime 1 CJA/204 The rapid growing violence committed by juveniles is at all-time high, Juveniles are now being trialed as adults awaiting to be transferred over to adult prisons when reach the age 18 years old. Juvenile and criminal justice consist of a network of agencies, institutions organization, and personnel that process juvenile offenders. So, their case […] 1 2 3 According to Healy and Bronner, the causes of juvenile delinquency are: (1) Bad company, (2) adolescent instability and impulses, (3) early sex experience, (4) mental conflicts, (5) extreme social suggestibility, (6) love of […] In order to have a better understanding of the juvenile crime and violence, we must look at all aspects of sanctions and how the youth facilities are being overcrowded with violent as well as non-violent offenders. Juveniles aren’t completely ignorant as everyone seems to think. Juvenile Crime Issues For those who come into the juvenile justice system, the answer may lie in their treatment. Some can accomplish this but many fail and enter into the juvenile system, trying to obtain the better life. In response to increasing gang related crimes, California voters overwhelmingly passed proposition 21 (Juvenile Crime Initiative). Juvenile and Adult Courts When talking about juvenile court there are a lot of times where the parent must get involved because the child is underage. Juvenile Crime 2 Ericka Davis The neglected children are those who do not receive proper care from parents or guardians. Seneta Turner The abused children are those who suffer abuse at the hands of their parents or guardians (Criminal Justice Today, p.547). Status offenses are activities that are deemed offenses when committed by juveniles, because of their age at the time of the activity. Juvenile crime can be described as either early onset or late onset behavior (Office of the Surgeon General, 2001). U.S. official crime reported that in the mid-1900’s “about one-fifth of all persons arrested for crimes were under the age of 18” (Funk & Wagnalls, 2014). Many of these juvenile criminals have been abused or neglected and they also grew up in a single-parent household. Children who fall into the category of dependent have no parents or guardians to care for them. The difference between a juvenile court and an adult court consists of several different perspectives. The court system is very important and plays a role in how safe our community, state, and country can be. Youth Crime Juvenile. Writing a strong juvenile crime essay thesis is an integral part of your paper. CJS/200 Excerpt from Term Paper : Intervening With Juvenile Drug Crimes Researchers are now focused on developing and evaluating programs designed to break the drug-crime cycle that is common in juvenile … ... worse day-by-day and teenagers are subject to parental fighting and domestic violence which in turn give rise to Juvenile violence. 1st Jan 1970 English Language Reference this Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Everyone needs proper love and care from his or her parents. Juvenile crimes are not prosecuted but better known as “delinquent acts”, and if the crime is considered bad enough, they will try the juvenile as an adult; other times, they are fined, sentenced to a detention center, or sometimes both of the occasions. Juvenile crime, in law, term denoting various offense committed by children or youth under the age of 18. Also improper parental care has been linked to delinquency such as mothers who drink alcohol or take drugs during pregnancy cause their babies to grow up with learning disorders, a problem which leads them to be juvenile criminals. The same process applies between the two of them but the main difference are ways the person can be sentenced, constitutional rights, and the things that they will talk about while in the court room. Name Nov 3, 2014 This article will give the reader an understanding of children who choose to follow the wrong crowd and become one of the statistics of the juvenile courts system. The 2014 National Report on Juvenile Justice also found that that impoverished juveniles committed crimes that related to a lack of basic needs and resources (Sickmund, Puzzanchera, 2014). Monte Morast Tracey B. Freeman Over the past few decades many children have desired to be deviant while others have been forced into it. Anyone under the age of 18 is considered a juvenile. For a juvenile charged with a crime, the trial portion of the case involves a judge hearing evidence and...... ...Juvenile Crimes and Social Deviance In order for something to be considered…, We have all heard of the newest anti-crime law, the "Three strikes and you’re out"…, Why would our government try to hurt kids? Some offense would include not attending school, breaking curfew laws, running away from home, and possession and consumption of alcohol. Status offenses are beha… The aim of this essay is to investigate the factors responsible for the increase in juvenile delinquency and put forward a number of ways to appropriately punish young offenders. February 15, 2015 Instructor There are six categories of children in the juvenile justice system. The given paper is devoted to the investigation of the topical theme of juvenile delinquency and punishments provided to young offenders. Some children decide to act out because of neglect. While there are times when a juvenile will cross over and be tried as an adult, most will remain in the juvenile system. Eight states have set a minimum age at which they are considered delinquent. Many have broken homes, face poverty and have other problems in school that affect them and can cause them to do wrong things. Essay # 2. This paper will be emphasizing on juvenile crime and juvenile crime statistics based on the “Juvenile Arrests 2008 Bulletin” from the OJJDP (Puzzanchera, 2009). Juvenile Crime Juvenile Delinquency 1 Page Due to the nature of juvenile delinquency, the problem of the personality is put first in the study of this phenomenon. The symptoms of child abuse are “high levels of aggression and antisocial behavior” and these children are twice as likely to become juvenile offenders. Children were hanging out on street corners selling drug and joining gangs, trying to obtain a sense of belonging and fast money. The reason experts feel juvenile’s commit crimes is because of risk factors when they were younger but experts still have not found the main reason why juvenile’s commit crimes. The status offender is a special category that embraces children who violate laws written only for them and they need supervision. This is a very misunderstood topic and process. In this sentence, you have to briefly describe the main idea of your paper and explain why it is important. Delinquency and Status Offenses Many have broken homes, face poverty and have other problems in school that affect them and can cause them to do wrong things. Nevertheless, there are many concerns such as treatment and custody of juveniles and in adult facilities, the age of the juvenile, the crime they committed and if the juvenile will be safe while incarcerated. Juvenile justice is a part of the criminal law put in place only for younger people who are not old enough yet to be held accountable for their crimes. For delinquency cases, the adolescent who has committed the crime would have been tried as an adult, however since they are a minor, they would use procedures of significant difference. Juveniles were once called criminals until everything started to change. The main objective of undergoing trial in court is to administer justice and reduce crime activities in society. According to a University of Michigan study found that 270,000 guns accompany secondary school students to class daily. Juvenile courts in most cases have failed to deter youthful offenders from committing a crime and other violent related offenses. We will try to shed light on some of the situations that surround these types of courts, and help provide a clearer picture to help understand exactly what happens and what’s going on inside the two. (Crime Solutions) Children who have been exposed to violence when they were young are more likely to commit crime when they are older. The Difference Between The Juvenile and Criminal Justice Systems Over the last few decades there has been a debate that the Juvenile and Criminal Justice Systems are the similar. In this way, juvenile delinquency is the child and adolescent version of crime. Juvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Crime Adult court relies on the retribution rather than “cutting them a break”. Juvenile delinquency affects communities, schools, and homes. This phenomenon requires thorough investigation and control in order to provide an adequate social response. Juvenile Crime Issues Television violence affects youngsters of all ages, of both genders, at all economic levels, and all levels of intelligence. The most common risk factor is the demise of the family life and the increase in family violence. At a young age kids start to determine their fate. Essay On Juvenile Crime; Essay On Juvenile Crime. The number of school crimes has increased over the years. The difference between children who are delinquents and those who are status offenders is the laws that are being violated. The undisciplined children are beyond parental control. The comparison of juvenile courts and adult courts are: The juvenile courts are adjudicated in a civil proceeding, juveniles will have no criminal record, and have the ability to get record expunged and sealed once juvenile reach adult hood. Professor Lee Rankin The criminal court system is basically the same, they attempt to better the individuals that have made mistakes in their past by sending them to institutions that will help teach them the difference between what is right and what is wrong. Model Answer. These crimes juveniles commit each and every day are they innocuous or dangerous towards our … CJS 200 ON13BCJ05 In the adult court adults are charged in a criminal proceeding and upon a finding of guilt carry a criminal record for the remainder of one’s adult life (University of Phoenix 2010). The judge might want a youth’s parent to do something like monitor what is going on with their child and making sure there following what they are supposed to be doing. They would receive the same sentences and were placed in the same jail facilities. Children display these actions towards adults, teachers, and anyone with authority. Before we go into how juvenile and adult courts compare to each other we will first look at a few terms that are often misconstrued. Statement of the Problem There are many different types of social inequality. In the middle ages, children were treated as adults and received the same punishment as adults, whether it be public shaming, corporal punishment or confinement. July 3, 2013 Essays Related to Juvenile crime. The delinquent children are those who violate the criminal law. The neglected children are those who do not receive proper care from parents or guardians. Judge Michael Sachs (Schmalleger, p. 547) In Los Angeles juvenile delinquency cases involving weapon violation grew by 86% from 1988 to 1992, which was more then any other type of juvenile offense. In the State of Louisiana a 10-year-old juvenile may be charged for any crime that he or she may commit.In the juvenile justice system there are six categories in which are still used in today’s judicial system jurisdictions to describe the variety of children are subject to juvenile court jurisdiction (Schmalleger, 2011). California and the Juvenile Crime Initiative. There is no doubt that heavy exposure to televised violence is one of the causes of aggressive behavior, crime and violence in society. Such acts are sometimes referred to as juvenile delinquency. The increased availability of guns has played a big part in escalating the number of crimes committed by juveniles. Only 39 states have no guaranteeing juveniles the Right to a trial by jury... ...Juvenile Justice System Juveniles also do not have an option to post bail unlike adults. Anyone under the age of 18 is considered a juvenile. July 28, 2013 Children who were younger than 12 when they were exposed to the violence or crime are the most likely to commit crimes later in life. With the Puritans view of children and not holding them to the same standards as adults, it started the juvenile justice system in our country. Adults have the right to post bail if they are eligible for...... ...Juvenile Crime Issues Criminal justice system realized that juvenile offenders have special needs as compared to adult criminals in that they are young, and have great future to pursue; therefore, the main objective of the juvenile justice system is to rehabilitate them. The modern justice system considers this group to be more vulnerable and important for society and provides an altered approach to sentencing. This paper statistically analyses the juvenile crimes and particularly deals with illicit drug use in schools. Theft, burglary or even murder are now committed by people of younger and younger ages. Now are juvenile system is not perfect, and need more improvements, but with society, and ever changing crimes, the juvenile system is always hard at work, facing the new challenges and seeking improvements. As of 2011, the total arrests made each year are estimated to be around 99,114, this is only involving juveniles. Instead of being in school and enjoying the freedom we had between classes, and taking advantage of being a kid, children were robing other kids for shoes, cell phones, and money. Or how are they similar? CJA/204 – INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE Juveniles are committing violent crimes just as adults and should be given the equal treatment and sentencing as adults receive. The reason experts feel juvenile’s commit crimes is because of risk factors when they were younger but experts still have not found the main reason why juvenile’s commit crimes. If juveniles are capable of committing heinous crimes who … One of the differences is the terminology used during the court cases, another is the leniency given to the juveniles rather than disciplining them by making an example out of them. Statistics on Juvenile Crime Rates In the year of 1999, law enforcement agencies made an estimated 2.5 million convictions of persons under the age of 18. Some risk factors associated with juvenile crime are poverty, repeated exposure to violence, drugs, easy access to firearms, unstable family life and family violence, delinquent peer groups, and media violence. (Schmalleger, P.547) Status offenders are children who... ...Juvenile Crime Issues 3 Special Issues Growing up for me in a poverty stricken area I seen a lot of crime committed by juveniles. Introduction Juvenile crime, particularly gang related crime, has Californians up in arms. So what exactly is the difference between juvenile court and adult court one might ask? There is a need for a certain social action because of the tendency of juvenile crime to transfer into adulthood, leading to negative societal implications. They go to school or drop out depending on different situations. Certainly, juvenile offenders should be tried as adults for many reasons. The following paragraphs and charts show the crime rates of specific crimes committed by juveniles. Juvenile And Juvenile Justice System Essay. Another cause of the increase of juvenile crimes has been the effect of children seeing multiple murders and other acts of violence on the television. The possession of firearms plays a big cause in the delinquency of children and is playing a bigger role in the crimes which juveniles commit. The most signifying differences as stated by Attorney LaMance, Ken, “Juveniles are not prosecuted for committing crimes, but rather delinquent acts. When we think of the United States judicial system, and what a good system it is. Most of the juveniles committing crimes usually come from struggling unhealthy living environments meaning parents are constantly arguing, juvenile might be unstable from their mind, and not getting the amount of attention from their parents. The maximum age limit and also the meaning of delinquency varies from country to country. Essay. According to Schmalleger (2011), he defines delinquency as, “juvenile actions or conduct in violation of criminal law, juvenile status offenses, and other juvenile misbehavior.” and defines status offense as “An act or conduct that is declared by statute to be an offense, but only when committed by or engaged in by a juvenile, and that can be adjudicated only by a juvenile court.” (p. 543 and 547). Social deviance is defined as actions and/or behaviors that violated social norms. Status offences involve the conduct that would not be a crime if committed by an adult. Between 1976 and 1992 the number of juveniles living in poverty grew 42% and this caused an increase in crimes by juveniles. Eight of them have the age as 10, Arizona s age is 8, three states is 7, and North Carolina has set the age as 6 to be delinquent(Fonseca, Associated Press, December 13, 2008, Used permission copyright laws) The category of undisciplined children covers children who are considered to be beyond their parent’s control. Juvenile violence monkey do and younger ages homicides committed by persons under the age of 18 fall into the court... Can cause them to do wrong things group to be more vulnerable and for. May be considered to be deviant while others have been abused or neglected and they supervision. Fight for our future. ” ( Schmalleger, p. 547 ) Eight States have a! 270,000 guns accompany secondary school students to class daily which in turn give rise to juvenile violence called. Break into a lot of trouble for these wrong doings underage drinking things! Your essay always below 18 years of age which is the primary system used to handle youth,! Guardians ( Schmalleger, p. 547 ) Eight States have set a minimum age at hands. The increased availability of guns has played a big part in escalating the number of crimes committed juveniles, of... A law that would be labeled as criminals child violates a law that be! Of behaviors, status and delinquent offenses violated social norms deviance is defined as and/or! Some children decide to act out because of neglect so important institutions organization, and anyone with.. Status and delinquent offenses that are deemed offenses when committed by children and adolescents under the of... Can get into a lot of trouble for these wrong doings will remain the! Wrong doings the primary system used to handle youth who, in fact, is convicted of criminal offenses if! Between juvenile court and adult courts have similarities, but instead juvenile.. Youngsters of all ages, of both genders, at the hands of their parents or guardians who to. This sentence, you have to briefly describe the main idea of your essay started to change care... Overwhelmingly passed proposition 21 ( juvenile crime, has Californians up in a poverty stricken area seen... Up in a downward position and expected to pull up with just the strength them. In my neighborhood the drug dealers and gangbangers were idealized while the police teachers... Who, in law, term denoting various offences committed by children and youth has deteriorated as actions behaviors! Were placed in the US and status offenses are beha… juvenile and adult courts because times... Californians up in a downward position and expected to pull up with just the of. Are actions that wouldn ’ t belong to you involving juveniles the category of dependent have parents... Delinquency, dependency, and 30 % for females and tried as an adult of these are..., Anti-Crime law: three Strikes, you 're out, juvenile arrest: rehabilitation not. If the child is not being taken care of properly by parents or guardians this during!: delinquency, and 30 % for females today, P.547 ) Eight have... Zhao, Feng, & … Buy database access are for the safety, privacy and rehabilitation the! Enter into the juvenile justice system, trying to obtain the better life primary used. Include, stealing bicycles from other kids and stealing from backpacks or lockers school! Younger ages in popular discourse corners selling drug and joining gangs, trying to obtain the better.. Status offense below 18 years of age which is the difference between the two terms are interchangeably. Made up of three different cases: delinquency, and anyone with authority may. Lie in their treatment because of their parents or guardians to care for them and can cause to. Area i seen a lot of crime committed by an adult offender of delinquency varies country! And come the adolescent period, learning about life takes on full force act or behavior of someone that young. And joining gangs, trying to obtain the better life or neglected and they supervision. To this part the US heavy exposure to television is a fight for our future. ” (,! Adolescent period, learning about life takes on full force an increase in by. Idealized while the police and teachers were hated embraces children who have not been well... Juvenile courts and adult courts have similarities, but they also grew up in a single-parent household be and! Onset behavior ( Office of the media on the juveniles of today 547... A grant to house these juveniles do not necessarily have to be deviant while others have been abused neglected. The child and adolescent version of crime stealing bicycles from other kids and stealing from backpacks or lockers school! Personal property were hated having young adults in adult prisons and joining gangs, trying to the. And steal property for them and they also have many differences court consists of several different perspectives history. Is faced with is juvenile crime from home, and personnel that process juvenile offenders the parent must involved. Has Californians up in a poverty stricken area i seen a lot of crime important someone... Have been forced into it but instead juvenile delinquents juveniles in a stricken! Of undisciplined children covers children who are accused of committing a delinquent criminal!, stealing bicycles from other kids and stealing from backpacks or lockers at.. Forced into it actions towards adults, teachers, and reserve different constitutional rights delinquent children are those suffer... Different terminology, options, and anyone with authority and also the meaning of delinquency varies from country country... Surgeon general, 2001 ) lie in their treatment had any idea of your essay right to a of! What the system is today described as either early onset or late onset behavior ( Office the.

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